Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)
Medicinal Importance of Allium Species: A current review
Author(s): Shakeel Ahmad Khan, Mehwish Jameel, Sadia Kanwal, Samia Shahid
Abstract: Nature is a good friend of human. Plants are serving humanity from hundreds of the years. Herbal/ayurvedic medicines are used for the treatment of several diseases without any harm. Allium species are one of the remedial herbs with bioactive parts, that act as medicinal plant and cure diseases, their roots stems leaves and also juices are valuable for human health. Allium species like (Allium cepa, Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale) are studied for the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, reducing blood sugar, baldness, gastric ulcer, colic diseases, oxidative damage, etc. These species are evaluated for their total phenolics, flavonoids, antioxidant activity, hepatoprotective and microbial study. Total phenolic content was examined spectrophotometrically with the Folin-Ciocalteu phenol reagent and total antioxidant activity were studied by the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) methods. Watery and alcoholic concentrates in Pbs subjected to an antibacterial activity test using the agar well diffusion procedure against various contagious pathogenic microorganisms. HPLC and LC–MS/MS demonstrated the nearness of Gallic corrosive, ferulic corrosive, protocatechuic corrosive, kaempferol, curcumin and quercetin content can possibly contribute as a dietary supplement for controlling hyperglycemia, treatment of alopecia areata and oxidative anxiety connected diabetes complexities. The biological activities, chemical characteristics and used in pharmaceutics are well studied. Some of its major chemical components reported are volatile oils, steroids, diterpinoids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds.